The history of the Czech Republic is bound tightly to the history of Central Europe, the history of a country that was unified in the ninth century, and had in the Kingdom of Bohemia an important power. Gold mines were the main economic asset of the region.
Throughout the Middle Ages, the Kingdom of Bohemia was a kingdom which enjoyed stability, from the 10th to the 15th century to when things itching to change. The golden age of this region lived during the fourteenth century, a century in which, among other things founded the Charles University, the University more important historical and ancient Central Europe.
It was the death of Charles IV, when the region began to decline, his fall, the demise of the monarch gave birth to thr continued political instability and the interference of the Church.
During the sixteenth century, Ferdinand I of Habsburg arrives to the throne in the region, and this house occupies the Czech royal crown for more than four centuries, although at this time Bohemia suffered several wars such as the 30 years war seven years ... Bohemia became the heart of the monarchy in the region.
During the twentieth century Bohemia suffers from the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after the First World War. The Czechs and Slovaks united to form Czechoslovakia, and declared themselves an independent republic in 1918. This union lasted until 1938, when Nazi Germany annexed with part of the Czech Republic and Slovakia declared its independence. The other part of the Czech Republic was invaded a year later.
After World War II, Czechoslovakia reunited and lined up in the so-called Iron Curtain made up of countries with a communist political tendency and were known as the satellite countries of the USSR. This situation lasted until the end of the twentieth century, when the USSR began to lose weight in Czech society and within their own country were times when democracy was defeated, and the Czech Republic and Slovakia choose in 1993 separation, which endures to this day. In 1991, the Czech Republic joined NATO in 2004 they became part of the European Union.
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